Chronic fatigue syndrome, causes, effects and prevention
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Fatigue is rather a common complaint of many people from all levels of any society. However, they rarely consult a doctor about this problem. And the laboratory and instrumental methods of examination, which could assess this symptom, so far do not exist. At the same time, human fatigue is a major diagnostic criterion. Chronic fatigue syndrome occurs suddenly and can be recurrent or continual for 3-6 months, it leads to 2-3 fold reduction in efficiency, daily lethargy, disharmony and poor health. According to the survey in the UK, fatigue is experienced by more than 38% of the working population and 18% feel it constantly for more than 6 months.
Fatigue, as well as other health problems, is threatening the economic and psychological state of any country. Often, it determines personal and professional well-being of the patient and is a hidden but very important problem. Fatigue manifests itself in many somatic and mental illnesses, but the pathophysiology of fatigue is has not been worked out yet. And it is important to note that somatic illness should not be considered the cause of fatigue, it can be caused by a concomitant mental insanity. But at the same time, the beginning of chronic fatigue syndrome is often associated with acute viral infection. Some patients with chronic fatigue syndrome discover infection - immunological, neuroendocrine, metabolic and mental disorders. But their role is defined as a secondary one. The most significant feature of chronic fatigue is a disease like fibromyalgia. This disease is characterized by general muscle pain, fatigue, anemia and even sleep disorders. Fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome have much in common. Up to 75% of cases of chronic fatigue syndrome meet diagnostic criteria for fibromyalgia, and vice versa. Chronic fatigue syndrome appears suddenly, basically, after suffering a severe infection, whereas fibromyalgia develops gradually with the constant increase in symptoms. Currently, for diagnosing chronic fatigue syndrome the following disease control criteria are used. According to them, an unexplained fatigue (tiredness) need to have been present for 6 months, which appeared at the beginning of the disease, and continues after the rest, which reduces the activity and not due to the hard work.
No specific change in the body has been found with chronic fatigue syndrome. And with fibromyalgia tender points are defined (total 18 points), such as suboccipital muscle insertion, medial border of the scapula, upper outer quadrant of the buttocks, lateral epicondyle of both hands, etc.
The main causes of chronic fatigue and fibromyalgia are
- caffeine abuse
- alcohol and tobacco abuse
- drug addiction
- emotional overload
- autoimmune diseases
- sleep disorders
- infectious diseases
- endocrine diseases
- malignant neoplasms
- hematologic disease
- kidney disease
- electrolyte disturbances
- liver disease
- cardiovascular disease
- respiratory diseases
- chronic inflammatory bowel disease
- taking medicines
- poor nutrition
The epidemiology of these diseases is extensive, but sickness statistics shows that in the Nordic countries with severe climate and lack of sunlight in the daytime, it is ten times higher. Thus in Sydney out of 100 000 population 37.1 persons are affected by these diseases, in the southern states of the USA 7 people, and in the northern states and Canada from 75 to 267 per 100 000 population. In Britain and the Scandinavian countries it reaches 18-25% per 100 000 population. In the USSR and Russia, these studies have not been conducted, although considering the climate conditions and many other factors, the numbers of disease cases will exceed the Scandinavian countries and the UK.
These diseases occur in all socioeconomic groups, people between 18 to 70 years old, it is most common in women aged 20-50 years, almost 7 times more often than in men. And after 60 years, these figures increased by more than 10 times.
So what is the main reason for such striking numbers of disease of chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia in statistics of northern and southern countries? And the answer can be found in medical journals of late 19 th century. This is exactly the time when the pharmacy was still on the threshold of its initial formation and for more than 100 years the word "antibiotic" will be unknown. However, people have lived and lived to extreme old age (75 - 96 years).
The history of medicine is rich in variable views and theories, which eventually reversed. Medical historian I. Petersen, in his work "The main points of the historical development of therapy, " says that the treatment system by Scot Brown cost the lives of many more people than the entire French Revolution, and that this "treatment system" was formally adopted at the end of the XVIII century almost in all hospitals in Europe. Further observations, research and experiments to cure a disease finally brought humanity to a deadlock because healers, and later - doctors finally began to treat the diseases rather prevent them.
But the ancient truths, based on clear observations of human nature, used as dietary and therapeutic means, were of great respect in the medical art. For example, air, light, water and movement, have always been essential for the health of mind and body, and were the basis of physical and mental well-being, which remains the eternal sign of classical antiquity.
The Ancient Egyptians took sun baths, it can be seen by location and construction of their homes. For example, the image of King Akhenaten (Amenophis IV, from 1375 to 1358 BC), sitting with his family in the sun in a room with columns, where the individual rays end with the word .... "Life ".
Ancient Germans also used phototherapy, bringing their sick children on the roofs of houses. The ancient Greeks used the sun as a remedy. Aesculapius, the god of medicine, was the son of the god of light Phoebus.
The first physician to mention heliotherapy was Hippocrates, born in 460 BC In his book "On the way of life”, he recommends that the corpulent people walk naked as much as possible. In this work he mentions the light as dietary and pain-relieving. Sunbathing was included into the daily lives of Greeks and Romans. On rooftops, they arranged the real solaria.
This custom, to bask in the sun after eating, is preserved to this day in the valleys of the Italian Alps. Thus, in Ticino there is a practice after a meal to go in the sun, where people live to old age. And their proverb says: «Dove va il sole, non va il medico» - Where comes the sun, the doctor doesn’t.
In the Middle Ages, with the fall of hygiene and medicine, the consciousness of hygienic and therapeutic value of sunlight was gradually forgotten. For nearly one and a half thousands years, that is since the time of Galen (about 200 years BC) and up to late 18th century, the light was excluded from the therapeutic arsenal.
In 1774 the frenchman Four published an article which described a method of treating open feet ulcers with sunlight.
In 1896 in Copenhagen, by physiotherapist Niels Finzenom The Light Therapy Institute was organized. And in 1903 N. Finzi has been awarded with the Nobel Prize for his work on the study of the physiological effect of light on a living organism.
Solar energy, which is transmitted to animal tissues in the form of light quanta of the visible spectrum, is the source of various physiological processes , such as redox reactions , activization of the metabolism of the body , intensification of gaseous exchange , etc. Light affects the animal organism directly and reflexively, as a causative agent of energy in all cells, tissues and organs, on which it has influence. It is proved that the tissues, especially the muscular one, even after cutting them from the body, emit more carbonic acid in the light than in the dark. Especially instructive in this respect are the experiments of Quincke. He proved that various tissues (muscle, kidney, brain, etc.) absorb more oxygen in the light than in darkness. And here it is possible to give the most vivid example of the effect of light on living organisms. Eulenburg indicates that women of different polar countries do not have their periods. The reason of this is in anemia. Caused by the lack of light. On the contrary, lighting the cow milk with the lamp with a blue filter leads to activation of its components and the milk begins to have antirachitic action that it did not have before lighting. Also at large factories it has been observed that working efficiency in well-lit shops much higher than in dark rooms. Under the effect of sunlight in the human body it is produced more endorphin, the so-called "hormone of happiness".
All these observations led to the use of sunlight for therapeutic purposes. Under the influence of sunlight in the body photoactivatable processes occur that have:
- bactericidal action
- anti-inflammatory action
- analgesic property
- antiedematous action
- stimulation of reparative processes
- stimulation of regenerative processes
- stimulation of the immune response
- reflexogenous action
And here one can immediately determine that the action of the visible spectrum of light with a therapeutic purpose may replace hundreds or even thousands of medicines necessary for tissue maintenance of the human body in different situations. In 1903, studies were carried out, where the norm (100%) in the life support of a person was taken solar energy received by the man- a european living in North Africa (Morocco - Egypt). In London, a man would have received only 3% of the required solar energy, in Paris, -7%, in Berlin - 8%, St. Petersburg - 2%, Moscow - 5%, Yalta - 26%, Tokyo - 12%.
Water has similar properties, the person consists of it 78%, daily consumption of which reaches up to 3 liters. Water is also used by a man for the hygienic and therapeutic purposes. Using the water in the form of showers, douches, body wraps, compresses, as well as changing its temperature, can cure a number of diseases and mental disorders of a man.
Combining hygienic, therapeutic properties of water and sunlight we can achieve great results in treating many human diseases without using drugs with their negative side effects. And the most important, paying a little more time to your health on a daily basis, you can avoid a number of diseases in old age. It does not mean increasing attention of medical personnel to your body, but independent daily walks in the fresh air, obligatory taking the daily water procedures (shower, bath) and sunlight. These preventive measures will keep from many infectious diseases, metabolism imbalance, mental illnesses, and many others which precede the chronic fatigue syndrome.
And here is the appropriate question of availability of the sun in Moscow, St. Petersburg and other Russian cities, because its presence is limited to 5 and 2 percent of the person’s needs. The answer is: "Science and Research Development Company "Avers "(Moscow) in 2004 initiated the development and manufacture of home appliances and devices that have a dual purpose. They perform all the functions of household appliance, but they are also can be used as medical devices."
Based on the findings of Nobel prize winner Niels Finzen, that ... when pressing upon tissue, light penetration increases by ten times, we have developed Physiotherapeutic device "Avers - Shower" (patent numbers 53915 and 80114). In addition, the electric power source with voltage of 4.5 V, is a tiny hydrotreator, generating electricity through the movement of water in the shower nozzle. The product has the form and size of a conventional shower nozzle.
The water has healing properties and, depending on temperature and pressure of water jets, can provide a variety of therapeutic effects. In this device, water plays not only the role of a medical factor, but a conductor for light quanta absorbed by human cells through molecules photosensitizers. In the shower the monochromatic emitters of the visible spectrum of sunlight (blue, green and red) are built, with the same wavelength and quantum energy.
Combined effect of water jets and light, causing the massaging and irritating effects of the skin, enhances the absorption of luminous flux by the human body. The device is meant for the prevention and treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular and locomotive systems, illnesses associated with metabolic disorders, reduction of blood viscosity, as well as during the rehabilitation period after trauma and various illnesses. High therapeutic results in “AVERS-Shower” are achieved in the treatment of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in premature babies department NTSZD (Professor G.V.Yatsyk). During the day, the excess bilirubin is removed from the body newborn.
Taking a shower daily, a person does hygienic and phototherapeutic procedures without even thinking about them, thereby normalizing blood viscosity, and activating his immune system, which is of no small importance for the population of 50 years. Taking hydrotherapeutic procedures for 15 - 20 minutes a day, he receives the same energy of the sun, as if he had walked all day on a beach in Sochi in July, excluding ultraviolet.
Also Science and Research Development Company "Avers" has developed "The Matrix for a computer mouse with a monochromatic emitters of the visible spectrum of light for a computer mouse “AVERS-Stream" (patent number 55166). The device represents the most ordinary "mouse" for the computer, with built in monochromatic emitters and is intended for people, working with the computer for a long time. Emitters are turned on when lowering the palm of your hand on the mouse and turns off automatically after 600 seconds. Emitters affect the skin of the palm of your hand and the blood circulation through the capillaries and veins of the hands. Man gets within 60 - 80 min. all the necessary energy from the sun, for the whole working day, carrying out his work at the same time.
In 2005 "A toothbrush with a monochromatic emitters of the visible spectrum of light" (patent number 53857) was developed. It is not necessary to tell about the hygienic properties of the brush itself, but the built-in monochromatic emitters are worse to be mentioned. Performing daily morning and evening procedures it would be necessary to have 2 brushes, because pathogenic microorganisms, located in the cavity of our mouth, die in air at once, but only some of them, some – only several hours later, and the rest only after 24 hours. Previously it was known that the blue spectrum of visible light is more effective to kill bacteria, containing black porphyrins, that is iron-containing bacteria, producing the black pigment in the oral cavity and cause periodontal diseases, including caries. In 2003 we have performed studies on the effect of blue light with wavelengths of 435-450 nm for four types of bacteria strains that produce black pigment P.gingivalis, P.intermedia, P.nigrescens and P.melaninogenica. The irradiated bacterial cultures with blue light died within a few seconds. Bacteria that contain a lot of porphyrins, were more sensitive to radiation and died in the first seconds of irradiation, whereas P.gingivalis, containing porphyrin 100 times less, remained alive within 5 minutes, until it’s photosensitive porphyrins did not oxidize and then destroyed the lipids, proteins and nucleic acids being already in the open air.
Thus, we can conclude that with the dominance of the pathogenic microorganisms in the oral cavity, it is advisable to carry out daily preventive maintenance, which will selectively suppress the strains that cause gum disease and caries. Such treatment would be more effective than currently available methods, which destroy not only pathogenic microorganisms, but also the normal microflora in the oral cavity. And there’s no need to say about the cost ratio. But the main advantage of the blue light is that it has no negative side effects and items for phototherapy are publicly available and long lasting, which can be used at home as a preventive. In addition, the brush has the built-in emitters of green and red spectra, which also ensure prevention of oral and gum tissue.
But even here it has not gone without curiosities, as soon as the first publication of "Avers " Science and Research Development Company on the toothbrush appeared, immediately emerged a certain omnipresent Ltd. Company “Science.Technology.Medicine. "(Tomsk), which in 2007 patented useful model of" Toothbrush with a curative effect "(patent number 64515) which is based on all the features of our invention, manufactured in China and that is clogged up with toothpaste immediately after the first cleaning. So, the citizens, be careful when buying a fake!
In April 2009, based on appliances and devices of Science and Research Development Company "Avers ", the doctoral thesis was defended by S. Tikhonov, professor of the Ural State Academy of Veterinary Medicine, on increasing the storage time of food. For example, fresh meat can be stored in a refrigerator, without freezing, within 14 days, on condition that in the fridge every 3 hours the device with a monochromatic emitters of visible light will be turned on for 10 minutes. But this is not the most important. "Device for increasing the storage time of food Avers - Freshgard "(patent number 2,350,229, 71216.82090), allows us not only to increase storage time and freshness of products, but the visible spectrum activates enzymes of these products, that are better assimilated by the human body, milk has antirachitic properties, cholesterol changes its structure and quickly breaks up in the body, the fish is much more to digest phosphates.
And finishing this article, I can say with certainty that the medicine of the future is not curative, but preventive. Even with such disease as chronic fatigue syndrome, developing in the countries with lightning speed, especially with regard to financial shocks, we can fight not with the help of medicines, but performing daily hygienic procedures at home, going for a pleasant walk in the fresh air and admiring the beautiful clear sky.
The more detailed information about our products, you can find available on our site www.aversnpk.ru.
Member of the Academy of Medical and Technical Science RF,
Doctor of Technical Science, Professor Vladimir Grachev, I.
This devise is intended for complete disinfection of toothbrush bristles after use for hygienic purposes by human beings through simultaneous ultraviolet and blue light spectra effect.
Good for every day use and treatment of cardio-vascular diseases (Ischemic diseases, arterial deficiency of the lower extremity and diseases causing thickening of the blood) also Orthopedic diseases (Osteochondrosis and Arterial Arthritis of joints).
During 2016, all efforts of JSC "Avers" will be dedicated primarily towards the testing of the following types of produce: phototherapeutic devices, physiotherapeutic devices, medical, veterinary and home appliance technologies.